Learning a new language can be pretty challenging especially, for adults. Our brain gets designed according to the particular language that we have learned as children. But it’s not rocket science. You can learn a new language by following some key tips and tricks! Hindi is the official language of India. Despite having multiple regional languages, Hindi is spoken the most. Learning Hindi can help you to communicate better in India. Following are some tips on learning how to speak Hindi quickly and correctly.
One major aspect of learning a new language is to be familiar with the grammar:
1. Learn the nouns: In Hindi, every word has a noun. Using the correct noun for words in Hindia is essential for effective communication. There are majorly 2 nouns- Masculine and Feminine. The masculine words end with the vowel आ (aa) and the feminine words end with ई (ee). However, there are exceptions for objects like desk, stone etc. These fall under the general noun.
2. Learn the Pronouns: Simple pronouns are very useful for speaking proper Hindi. Some of the major Hindi pronouns are मैं main – I, तू tu – You, तुम tum – You aap – You. All these are used according to whom you are talking to. In a formal setting or while talking to an elder, आप would be preferred.
3. Learn the Verbs: Learning verbs in the infinitive form is the best way to start learning Hindi Verbs. Some of the examples of Hindi infinities are पढ़ना padnaa – to read or to study, होना honaa – to be, बोलना bolnaa – to speak, जाना jaanaa – to go.
4. Practice conjugating verbs: Conjugating verbs in Hindi reflect grammatical categories such as gender, tense, number, mood etc. You will need proper guidance for practising conjugating verbs in Hindi as they have multiple categories. You can always refer to good study materials and dictionaries.
Another major trick is to learn simple words.
5. Practice basic greetings: Practising basic greetings can improve your speaking skills on an everyday basis. Greeting people you meet every day like ‘Namaste’ ‘suprabhat’ casually will actually help you converse fluently.
6. Memorize the days of the week: You can expand your vocabulary by learning the days of the week in Hindi. It will improve your Hindi speaking skills significantly.
The days are spoken in Hindi in the following manner:
Following YouTube tutorials for learning the proper pronunciation is also a very good way to go about this. You should use as much as Hindi words while conversing and avoid English words.
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7. Speak numbers in Hindi: The more you speak a language the easier it is for you to learn it and be familiar with it. One of the tricks is to include Hindi words in your conversations as much as you can. Small steps like these can help you learn the language well.
Here’s a list of numbers 1-20 in Hindi
You can always learn more numbers in Hindi; this is just to help you start out.
Another interesting way of learning Hindi is to learn simple phrases
After getting comfortable with words you can actually start conversations in Hindi with simple phrases like:
“Aapka naam kya hai?” (What is your name?)
You can also start replying to questions people ask you like:
“Mera naam Maddy hai.” (My name is Maddy.)
Once you are comfortable with short phrases you can proceed with other phrases or try to club phrases and greetings together as:
“Namaste! Aap kaise hai?” (Hello! How are you?)
8. Use basic traveller phrases: Not knowing the local language can be a major problem while travelling. So while travelling in India knowing some basic phrases can help get a long way.
Try practising these phrases to be fluent. Some of the phrases that can help you are :
“Ye rasta kaha jaata hai?” where does this road lead to?
“Kya aap meri madat kar sakte hai?” Can you help me?
“Ye kaise die?” how much is this for?
9. Order food in Hindi: These are some small but very useful ways to inculcate Hindi in your day to day life hence improving it.
“Aapko kya lena pasand karenge?” what do you like to have?
“Mai machhi ya maas nai khaata.” I don’t eat fish or meat.
“Mai sharaab nai peeta.” I don’t drink.
“Ye khaana bohot swadisht hai.” The food is delicious.
These were tips to improve your Hindi. But how do you implement these tips and make them effective? Here are some solutions to this problem!
- Hire an instructor or join a language class: Formal training course is one of the best ways to learn Hindi. Joining a class is one of the best ways to learn Hindi. You will be surrounded by people who are also learning Hindi and you can support and help each other. Face to face conversations with the instructor and fellow classmates can help you to get the pronunciations right.
- Although in-person classes are always the first recommendations for learning a language but you can support the teachings of the class with help of videos and podcasts. There are many online tutorials available for guiding learners. These can help you speak all those phrases and greetings better. These can also help you in understanding the usage of grammatical elements such as verbs, conjugations etc.
- Practice with a friend: Friends are one’s best guides and critiques. You can practice speaking Hindi with a friend. You will be more comfortable in doing so and the friend would also help you correct your mistakes. This will definitely help you be more fluent and give you command over the language.
- Watch Hindi films: This is one of the best ways to learn Hindi. You can observe the conversations in the film and learn more. It also helps you understand the language when someone speaks with you in the same.
- Get familiar with the culture and attend events: go to Cultural Hindi events. It will give you the opportunity to meet new friends who can help you in improving your Hindi linguistic skills. It helps you mingle with the local population and infer a lot via observation.
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These were some major guidelines to learn Hindi quickly and effectively. Follow these and you can definitely learn Hindi in no time! Happy learning!